African Institute for Applied Economics (AIAE) in collaboration with New Millennium Foundation (NMF) organized the May 2009 edition of Enugu Forum. The Policy Seminar entitled Implications of Climate Change for Nigeria’s Growth and Sustainable Development held at Sunshine Guest House Annex; Ebeano Housing Estate Enugu featured panel discussion by experts on environmental issues and climate change in particular.
The participants which were well over one hundred and twenty persons included Associate Fellows of the Institute, state government officials, public policy analysts, the academia and the general public. The forum took far reaching decisions through the contributions of participants.
The Forum Observed:
- That while climate change is caused by a number of factors beyond human control, many human activities constitutes fundamental causes of this phenomenon.
- That the phenomenon of climate change is a reality and all sectors of the economy should brace up to tackle the challenges posed to sustainable socio-economic development.
- That over eighty percent of the factors responsible for climate change results from the impact of industrialization arising from the developed economies, to the detriment of the less developed nations which calls for the imperative of reparation since a good environment is the rights of humans
- That many human activities in Agriculture, transportation and oil exploration which gave rise to bush burning, deforestation, destruction of ecosystem, combustion of fossils such as petrol, diesel, coal, gas-flaring, automobile emissions aggravates climate change.
- That climate change have detrimental socio-economic effects on sustainable economic development in terms of reduced quality of soil, increased health risks such as malaria, water borne diseases, cataracts which aggravate human poverty
The Seminar Recommended:
- There should be a rigorous evidence-based research advocacy by the civil society for increased awareness of the issue of climate change and the challenges it poses on all and sundry
- That the government should put in place measures to reduce such harmful practices that increase greenhouse effect including bush burning, automobile emissions, desertification etc. Such measures include reintroduction of effective rail transportation system for distant travels, re-organization of urban mass transit system, introduction of car-free zones in our cities and establishment of climate change centre in every local government in the country.
- It is further recommended that effective electricity supply will reduce the use of generating sets which contribute to global warming, stoppage of gas-flaring through gas re-injection and imposition of stiff sanction on offending companies, establishment of national programme for re-forestation, establishment of a legal framework for sustainable climate change management including the enactment of a law to establish National Climate Change Commission as well as benchmarking each state of the federation on climate change parameters, providing incentives for green-conscious, socially responsible companies and cities.
- There is need for behavioral change by all citizens personal or corporate towards a better climate change management.
- The seminar calls on the Federal Government to establish meteorological stations in every local government headquarters in the country and an upper air in every airport in the country.
- That Government at all levels should appreciate that the phenomenon of climate change is a real challenge and accordingly put up measures to adapt and cope with these challenges in a sustainable manner